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1930 - 1939

This period is overshadowed by the economic crisis and the Second World War. The model of the first high-rise building in Vienna’s Herrengasse is as much an indicator of the prevailing mood of optimism as the first electronic musical instruments. By contrast the Volksempfänger radio receiver and the Enigma encryption machine are key exhibits relating to the Third Reich and the Second World War.

Filter: All collection areas (22 Objects found)
Collection area: Everyday Life


Collection area: Energy & Mining
  • FA-123531

    Fleissner coal-drying plant

    Drying with steam – a paradoxical way to dry coal. When rough coal contains too much water, it is dried using saturated steam.

  • FA-117835

    Model of a stuckofen

    Friede den Hütten (peace to the smelters)! Have you ever wondered why imposing blast furnace plants or steel works are simply called ‘Hütten’ (‘huts’) in German? Smelting furnaces were placed in a hut to protect them against the weather. 



Collection area: Information & Communication
  • FA-111597

    Third Reich Radio, Type VE 301 Dyn

    The cheap Volksempfänger radio receiver is to ensure that every family in the Third Reich can afford a radio device in order to facilitate reception of national socialist propaganda. Only Third Reich radio stations may be listened to.

  • FA-109418

    Geographic US 437

    After World War I, the radio brings the big outside world into the living room. Radios evolve from a makeshift receiver into a luxurious status symbol.

  • FA-112725

    Enigma

    The radio communication of the German army in World War II, which is encrypted by the Enigma cipher machine, can soon be decrypted and evaluated by the allied forces. 

  • FA-123700

    Neo-Bechstein grand piano

    A "boardless" piano with radio and record-player: The Neo-Bechstein was a piece of multimedia furniture in the 1930s. 

  • Panzerkreuzer Potemkin_Objekt

    Panzerkreuzer Potemkin


    December 21, 1925 saw the world premiere of the Soviet silent film Battleship Potemkin. Directed by Sergei M. Eisenstein, this propaganda film celebrated the Revolution of 1905. The opening scene, a mutiny on the battle ship Potemkin, set the tone for the entire movie.

  • Salon Radio

    Living room radio

    After the outbreak of the war in 1939 Jews were officially prohibited from owning radio sets. Regine Ehrenfest-Egger did not hand hers over to the Gestapo, preferring instead to donate it to the Technisches Museum Wien.



Collection area: Production Technology
  • FA-123641

    Bread roll notching machine, Ringl Patent, c 1930

    The Kaisersemmel is a type of bread roll that translates literally as ‘imperial bread roll’ – but where does this name actually come from? From a Viennese baker called Kayser? Or is it the ultimate accolade for the best of the best? Or is it derived from the Italian a la casa, as the speciality of the house?

  • FA-123396

    Shellac sample case, London, post-1939

    It takes around 300,000 kerria lacca scale insects working around the clock to produce one kilo of shellac. And not just for the round black discs that make music. Shellac can do a lot more.

  • FA-118066

    Model of a confectioner’s workshop, 1935

    Mmmh – how mouth-watering is this: doughnuts, croissants, Guglhupf, Cremeschnitten [cream slices], chocolate torte, hazelnut pastries, poppyseed cake, confectionery – and it’s the confectioner that makes them all. And lots more besides.

  • FA-114922

    Model of a domestic soap factory, c 1935

    ‘Soap is a measure of the affluence and civilisation of states’ – that was the view expressed by German chemist Justus von Liebig in 1844 in his popular Chemische Briefe [Letters on Chemistry]



Collection area: Technical and Scientific Principles
  • FA-123456

    Light-beam oscilloscope

    Vibrations can only rarely be seen with the naked eye. Converted into an electrical signal, they can be observed using an oscilloscope.



Collection area: Traffic & Transport
  • FA-123568

    ROCCO petrol pump, c. 1930

    “You can get that at any service station” – but what if there are no service stations? The nationwide network of service stations we now take for granted once had to be painstakingly set up.

  • Fiat 522 C

    Fiat 522 C

    In 1950 the Bundesgärten Schönbrunn federal parks administration donated a Fiat 522 C built in 1932 to the Museum. It remained in the Museum’s depot for almost sixty years until it emerged that it had belonged originally to Rosa Glückselig, who lived in Vienna’s Ottakring district.



Die Quellenvielfalt des Archivs


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Collection area: Everyday Life
Collection area: Energy & Mining
Collection area: Information & Communication
Collection area: Production Technology
Collection area: Technical and Scientific Principles
Collection area: Traffic & Transport
Die Quellenvielfalt des Archivs
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