• FA-123733 © Technisches Museum Wien, Photo: Peter Sedlaczek
  • FA-123734 © Technisches Museum Wien, Photo: Peter Sedlaczek
Collection Area
Production Technology
Collection
Textiles and Clothing
Epoch
1900 - 1909
At the moment this object is not published in the museum.

Model of a ‘Banyai’ carpet knotting machine, 1900-1930

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Little is known about the machine’s inventor. Dr Maurus Banyai was the leader of a synagogue in Vienna’s 13th District that was burnt down during the November pogrom in 1938.

The Technisches Museum Wien acquired the model in 1927 from Messrs. Knüpfteppich Industrie Ges.m.b.H. domiciled in Vienna’s 9th District. The exhibit was used to illustrate the applied technique; it was made by Webstuhl- und Webereimaschinen Fabriks-Aktiengesellschaft in Jägerndorf (Austrian Silesia, present-day Krnov, Czech Republic). This small town was a centre of the textile industry and textile machine manufacturing.

The transition to mechanised carpet knotting took place much later than the mechanisation of spinning or weaving textiles. To this day the technique is still largely performed by hand, which is why the products themselves are relatively expensive in spite of the low wages.

An old exhibit label describes the complex mechanical knotting process: ‘The different types of pile threads are pulled into the dyers, which are guided by ja[c]quard irons. The grippers grab the thread of the set dye and draw it out to the required length. Two warp threads in each case are lifted out by the lifters and fed through the knotting nippers, which grab the pile threads. The shears cut the pile thread to the set length; the knot is formed and taken to the start of the woven material. Once a row of knots is completed the knotting mechanisms are automatically deactivated; at the same time the weaving mechanisms are activated and the weft is inserted. The weaving mechanisms are then deactivated and the knotting mechanisms are set into motion at the same time.’


Manufacturing period: first third of the 20th century

Manufacturer: Webstuhl- und Webereimaschinen-Fabriks-AG, Jägerndorf



Inv.Nr. 12488/1
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