Collection area: Production Technology

This area covers the artisanal and industrial production technology used in agriculture and forestry, wood and metal processing, textile manufacture, the production of foodstuffs and luxury foods, glass, ceramics and the chemical industry, as well as the paper industry. With almost one half of all the objects and a series of special historical collections, it characterises the profile of the museum to a large extent. In the future, the area will increasingly focus on the documentation of new materials.

Filter: Textiles and Clothing / All Epochs / (10 Exhibits found)
Textiles and Clothing
  • FA-123467

    Book of samples with Japanese silk fabrics, 1st half of the 20th century

    A beautiful death: silkworms use their salivary glands to produce precious silk fibres and then pupate inside the cocoons formed as a result. But before they are allowed to hatch, the silkworms are boiled in hot water or steamed inside the cocoons.

  • FA-121694

    Book of samples with uniform fabrics for the British Army, 1901-1902

    Stand out or be camouflaged? For a long time soldiers were made to wear brightly coloured uniforms, but it was only in the late 19th century that there was a gradual transition to ‘military grey’ and ‘khaki’.

  • FA-122455

    Clothier’s ‘horse chair’ with carding machine, c. 1780

    Some items of furniture have fallen victim to the changes in labour since industrialisation first began; they include the standing desk for writing and doing calculations, or the ‘horse chair’ for trade-based activities.

  • FA-123731

    Mechanical weaving loom, c 1910

    ‘With not a tear in their sad eyes, / they sit at the loom and grind their teeth’ – such is the drastic description Heinrich Heine gives of the miserable situation of hand loom weavers in Silesia in 1844.

  • FA-123733

    Model of a ‘Banyai’ carpet knotting machine, 1900-1930

    Little is known about the machine’s inventor. Dr Maurus Banyai was the leader of a synagogue in Vienna’s 13th District that was burnt down during the November pogrom in 1938.

  • FA-113485

    Nähhand [sewing hand], Josef Madersperger, c 1830

    A typically Austrian inventor and his fate: gifted yet impoverished, unheeded or wronged, yet tenacious in his endeavours, and ultimately buried in a grave without ceremony and forgotten after his death.

  • FA-123585

    Replica of a spinning jenny, c 1997

    The recent replica of an ancient machine, invented in the homeland of the industrial revolution. By 1788 there were around 20,000 such jennies operating in homes in England and Scotland.

  • FA-115584

    Sample board with printed cambrics, 1835

    Samovars, boots made of Russia leather, Easter eggs in the style of Fabergé: most of us know very little about the world of historical Russian products. That also goes for fine and ‘typical’ textiles.

  • FA-116589

    Thumbnail guard, late 19th century

    Industrialised working environments concealed a whole range of new hazards, with steam boilers exploding, acids eating through bodies, and drive belts ripping off limbs. Even smaller inconveniences could take their toll.

  • FA-123751

    Woman’s fez hat, early 20th century

    Top hats, berets, veils – head coverings always evoke associations and emotions. They represent a mentality or economic approach, culture or religion, uniformity or diversity.



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