Collection area: Production Technology

This area covers the artisanal and industrial production technology used in agriculture and forestry, wood and metal processing, textile manufacture, the production of foodstuffs and luxury foods, glass, ceramics and the chemical industry, as well as the paper industry. With almost one half of all the objects and a series of special historical collections, it characterises the profile of the museum to a large extent. In the future, the area will increasingly focus on the documentation of new materials.

Filter: Glass and Ceramics / All Epochs / (18 Exhibits found)
Glass and Ceramics
  • FA-123715

    Cup shapes displaying glazing techniques, Vienna, 1929

    In simple terms, stoneware is actually ‘ware’ that is made from stoneware clay and is non-porous, i.e. impermeable to water. By contrast, earthenware is actually pottery that is porous, i.e. permeable to water, and has to be glazed to make it watertight. And glazing is what this article is all about.

  • FA-114219

    Double-headed eagle made of glass beads and glass pins, Bohemia, 1845

    Most people are familiar with the emblem of the double-headed eagle. In central Europe it is often equated with the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy. And yet the double-headed eagle was not invented by the Habsburgs.

  • FA-114033

    Foot warmer, stoneware, England, 1853

    Anyone in England who happened to own a foot warmer by Doulton & Watts around 1850 could certainly count themselves lucky. With their distinctive snout-shaped handle these stoneware hot water bottles were sometimes referred to as ‘pigs’.

  • FA-124250_Glasgravurmaschine

    Glass engraving machine with accessories, c. 1850

    Six generations were dedicated to the craft of glass engraving. That dynasty’s last master engraver finally closed her Viennese shop in 2010, after 46 years, and her long-serving machine became fit for a museum.

  • FA-113467

    Kothgasser rimmed beaker, Vienna, 1839

    ‘Kothgasser glasses’ – In his day Anton Kothgasser (1769-1851) was the best known Viennese painter of transparent-enamelled glass. It was he who made these small masterpieces of the Biedermeier period world-famous – and sought-after collector’s items.

  • FA-122988

    Model of a glass grinding shop, early 20th century

    ‘All grinding wheels stand still if that’s the transmission’s will!’ That, certainly, was the motto when all machinery was still belt-driven from a central location, prior to the invention of the electrically-powered individual drive.

  • FA-123794

    Model of a glassworks (hand-blown glassworks), 1893

    Working at a glass furnace requires team spirit, strength, skill, experience, and a good pair of lungs. That’s what it takes to tame and mould temperamental material into the most delicate of shapes.

  • FA-118706

    Perfume bottles, Bohemia, Paris, London, 1841-1853

    Perfume, that precious volatile essence, deserves a receptacle that befits its contents. No wonder, then, that these receptacles have themselves often been, and still are, precious.

  • FA-113368

    Pot with lid, jasperware, England, 1819

    Five years of hard work and almost 10,000 experiments went into creating the most beautiful invention by ceramic pioneer Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795): coloured jasperware, predominantly blue in colour, with applied white relief decoration.

  • FA-111829

    Sample board: Set glass jewellery, Bohemia, c 1837

    Real or make-believe; genuine or fake – that is the question here. People adorn themselves not just with fake hair or false teeth, but also with fake jewellery – in this instance, made of glass.

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