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1900 - 1909

Industrialisation once again experienced a heyday in the lead-up to the First World War. Internationally it was dominated by the chemical and the electrotechnical industries. It was around this time that the Technisches Museum Wien (Vienna Technical Museum) acquired its first music automata and phonographs, a large model of a dairy, water turbines, and the first generation of domestic appliances, which included vacuum cleaners, refrigerators and tub washing machines.

Filter: All collection areas (36 Objects found)
Collection area: Everyday Life
  • FA-124197

    "Triumph" tub washing machine, approx. 1900 - 1920

    Hard work, hands strained by hot soapy water and cold washing water – the path leading to modern-day automatic washing machines was long and required numerous innovations.

  • FA-117635

    "Viennese Pavilion Urinal", 1908

    In the Technisches Museum Wien (Vienna Technical Museum), visitors have the opportunity to view (but not use!) a public urinal – absolutely unique worldwide in this size. It was built in 1908 and was once located on Sachsenplatz square in Vienna-Brigittenau.

  • FA-123556

    Model of a rafter roof with collar beam support, around 1900

    Nowadays, roof trusses made by carpenters are only really found in single-family homes. As shown in the model on exhibit, they should be suitable for roof extension purposes.

  • FA-123596

    Icebox, approx. 1900 - 1940

    Nowadays, the storage of cool drinks and fresh groceries is taken for granted. Prior to the invention of the fridge, however, this required a great deal of effort and was not always possible.

  • FA-109639

    Gas incandescent light bulb “Auer light”, around 1905

    Gas versus electricity: Carl Auer von Welsbach’s gas incandescent light provided competition to Thomas A. Edison’s electric light. It was brighter than electric light, at reduced gas consumption.

  • FA-123543

    Fireman’s speaking trumpet, 16th century

    Speaking trumpets were once essential to the safety of cities. An early specimen some two and a half metres in length is now at the Technisches Museum Wien.



Collection area: Energy & Mining
  • FA-104997_Löffelradmühle

    Vortex-wheel mill

    Almost a turbine: vortex wheels are suitable for driving corn mills in mountainous areas. They use small volumes of water with a large head. 



Collection area: Information & Communication
  • FA-108801

    Wall-mounted telephone

    At the end of the 19th century, the business community discovers the advantages of the telephone. Telephone exchanges are quickly set up, initially with hundreds, but soon with thousands of connections.

  • FA-110404

    Berliner Standard Gram-o-phon

    The gramophone can be used for playing back shellac records, which are being produced in increasing numbers from the turn of the century onwards. The music industry starts out in an environment of cranks and acoustic horns.

  • FA-110372

    Underwood No. 5

    The typewriter opens up a fast and efficient way of managing correspondence. Its standardised type face ensures the best possible readability.

  • FA-111714

    File with cardboard sleeve

    At the end of the 19th century, the file by Louis Leitz facilitates office organisation. It enables the systematic administration of written correspondence.

  • FA-110502

    Klapperpostbote

    After postmen were initially only responsible for collecting mail consignments, a comprehensive postal delivery service is eventually established.



Collection area: Production Technology
  • FA-123214

    Sample boards: origins of Galalith and products made from Galalith, 1900-1950

    Buttons made from milk? That’s right! Before the invention of the fully synthetic plastic material made from mineral oil, another invention became all the rage: the semi-synthetic plastic material made from casein, a milk protein.

  • FA-118051

    Model of the Vienna Dairy, 1906/1907

    Incredible! This stunning model on a scale of 1:12 (approx. 5.6 x 1.9 x 1.5 m) was made in 1906/07 by the employees of the Vienna Dairy – as a miniature of their workplace established in 1901.

  • FA-122988

    Model of a glass grinding shop, early 20th century

    ‘All grinding wheels stand still if that’s the transmission’s will!’ That, certainly, was the motto when all machinery was still belt-driven from a central location, prior to the invention of the electrically-powered individual drive.

  • FA-124589

    Wall plates, ceramic, Moravia, 1900-1910

    It’s typical Jugendstil: curved decorative lines and ornamental floral designs began to make their mark in art and the decorative arts around 1900. This small group of ceramic exhibits also reflects this zeitgeist.

  • FA-124592

    Students’ works, ceramic, Bohemia, 1907-1912

    Works modelled from nature were very much the order of the day around 1900 at the Technical College for Ceramics in the Bohemian town of Teplice (German: Teplitz-Schönau). Plants, people and living animals all served as ‘models’.

  • FA-124595

    Cube bars, sugar, 1st half of the 20th century

    Picture the scene: the Moravian town of Dačice (in what is now the Czech Republic) in the early 1840s, and Juliana Rad has just injured herself trying to break off pieces of sugar. What was in itself an unremarkable incident is widely regarded as the hour of birth of the sugar cube.

  • FA-123750

    Tonking No 1 rice, Vietnam, first half of the 20th century

    The Commodity Science Collection at the Technisches Museum Wien comprises more than fifty different varieties of rice, underscoring the significance and diversity of one of the world’s most important food staples.

  • FA-124177

    Model of a steam-driven plough locomotive, c 1900

    Massive, fiery, dangerous: steam engines truly were the technological dinosaurs of the industrial revolution. To this day, steam-driven machines, locomotives and even ploughs have their enthusiasts.

  • FA-124182

    Model of a steam-driven five-furrow balance plough, c 1900

    This unusual plough was pulled back and forth by a wire rope between two steam engines and then tipped at each turn-around point so the plough blades always pointed in the right direction.

  • FA-123733

    Model of a ‘Banyai’ carpet knotting machine, 1900-1930

    Little is known about the machine’s inventor. Dr Maurus Banyai was the leader of a synagogue in Vienna’s 13th District that was burnt down during the November pogrom in 1938.



Collection area: Traffic & Transport
  • FA-123437

    The Wocheiner Railway’s Isonzo Bridge

    With its difficult topographic and geological situation the Wocheiner Railway line was one of the toughest railways built under the Austrian monarchy.

  • Elektrische Stoßbohrmaschine Siemens & Halske

    Electrical drilling machine

    Austria’s topography is such that the construction of railway lines is always a very complex undertaking, which is why the first tunnels were built by specialists from abroad.

  • FA-108508_Lohner-Porsche

    Lohner-Porsche electric vehicle, 1900

    Back to the future! Successful electric vehicles already existed around 1900. Many of the considerations that surrounded electric vehicles back then are once again very topical today.

  • Laurin & Klement B-Z-N

    Laurin & Klement B-Z-N, c. 1905

    This machine makes it clear to see that the motorcycle’s antecedents lie with the bicycle. Laurin & Klement initially manufactured bicycles, then motorcycles; today the company remains a player in automobile construction under the name Škoda.



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Collection area: Everyday Life
Collection area: Energy & Mining
Collection area: Information & Communication
Collection area: Production Technology
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