• FA-123485 © Technisches Museum Wien, Photo: Peter Sedlaczek
Collection Area
Everyday Life
Collection
Building Systems and Services
Exhibition
Everyday Life - directions for use
Epoch
1920 - 1929

Frankfurt kitchen facility, 1928

Eat-in kitchen or purely functional working kitchen? The exhibition "Everyday life – an instruction manual" offers a well-known contribution to this topic in the form of an original kitchen from the "new Frankfurt" from around 1928.

After World War I, the rationalisation of housing layouts in the social housing sector led to the separation of kitchen work from other living functions on the smallest possible area. Between 1926 and 1930, the young architect Grete Lihotzky, who was employed at the Housing Authority of the city of Frankfurt am Main within the framework of the housing development programme, was working on the development of apartment types and facilities. She had been one of the first women in Vienna to study architecture and already had extensive experience in solving these types of tasks. With the development of the new kitchen model, she could continue her work on a larger scale.

In around 1925, the architect Anton Brenner had planned a residential building for the Municipality of Vienna in Rauchfangkehrergasse, which would also accommodate his own apartment. The 38 m² space had to be used optimally in order to meet the living requirements of four persons. The kitchen in this flat is considered to be the forerunner of the model developed in Frankfurt soon afterwards. Anton Brenner also worked in Frankfurt in the typification department.

The original Frankfurt kitchen on exhibit at the Technisches Museum Wien (Vienna Technical Museum) is taken from a one-room apartment of the "Siedlung Bornheimer Hang" settlement built in 1928. It still contains a tall cupboard with 12 original aluminium inserts, an extension element with kitchen sink and drainboard as well as a diagonally positioned wooden worktop for preparing the food. It had been mounted directly below a window at a height which permitted sitting during work.

In its further development, the Frankfurt kitchen was no longer limited by precisely defined space parameters and could be adapted to a built-in kitchen system which could be used for many different apartment layouts.



Inv.Nr. 60957
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