Underwood No. 5 Typewriter

Underwood Typewriter Co., Hartford, around 1900

 © Technisches Museum Wien, Photo: Peter Sedlaczek
Collection Area
Information & Communication
medien.welten (media.worlds)
1900 - 1909


The typewriter opens up a fast and efficient way of managing correspondence. Its standardised type face ensures the best possible readability.

Due to the steady increase in correspondence levels, numerous design engineers attempt to develop typewriters. The machines are to enable quick and legible writing of text in a clear type face using standardised single letters (type). The type bar asserts itself as the chosen method for pressing letter types on paper. In the 1860s, the South Tyrolean Peter Mitterhofer develops a number of prototypes.

The first series-produced typewriter stems from the Americans Christopher Sholes, Samuel Soule and Carlos Glidden. From 1874 onwards, the company Remington & Sons starts manufacturing it under the name of Sholes-Glidden. In 1895, the Wagner Typewriter Co. introduces the Underwood 1 model to the market which, for the first time, makes it possible to view the typed text directly, thereby significantly easing writing. The four-row keyboard becomes established while the key assignment and ten finger typing system advance as international standard.

Inv.Nr. 17748

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