Polaroid Speedliner Model 95° Instant camera

Polaroid Co., Cambridge since 1954

 © Technisches Museum Wien, Photo: Peter Sedlaczek
 © Technisches Museum Wien, Photo: Peter Sedlaczek


The instant camera by Polaroid quickly and automatically develops the pictures taken with it, soon also in colour.

With the economic boom comes an increase in the desire of people to document their personal achievements in pictures. In 1948, a camera developed in America by Edwin Herbert Land is introduced to the market, which immediately and automatically develops the positive image. The packfilm for the camera consists of layers of photo paper and a paste containing the chemicals required for the development process. When a picture is removed from the camera after exposure, it passes through two cylinders. In the process, the paste is automatically spread between the positive and negative image. After a half to one-and-a-half minutes, the positive can be pulled off from the negative.

Polaroid, the company introducing the camera to the market, becomes a synonym for instant cameras. These cameras make snapshots available immediately – although, initially, only in black and white. In 1963, a colour film called Polacolor hits the market, which works in a similar way as its black and white predecessor.

Inv.Nr. 16859/1

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